# THE LONG AND SHORT OF IT - SHADOWS

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 Keywords: Science, Shadows, Light, Measuring, Comparing Subject(s): Math, Journalism, Science, English/Language Arts, Photography, Podcasting, Early Learning, Art, Physics Grades K through 2 School: Indian Land Elementary School, Fort Mill, SC Planned By: Denise C. Trufan Original Author: Denise C. Trufan, Fort Mill
ENGAGE-
TW (Teacher will) read an excerpt from IN THE DARK by Stan and Jan Berenstain to begin discussion about shadows.

1. Discuss how shadows make people feel.

EXPLORE -
Over the period of the next six science classes, SW (students will):

1. Explore shadows inside and outside of the classroom both of inanimate objects and animate objects, including themselves and friends. They will trace a peer's shadow on the ground and trace an object's shadow in their journal.

2. Measure shadows using nonstandard measurement, with assistance from teacher.

EXPLAIN -
1. Discuss and experiment to find out what is necessary to make a shadow (light, something to block the light, a surface for the light to fall on), by using sunlight and flashlights to produce light to make shadows.

2. Observe that shadows change shape and size when the object is closer and further from the light and/or changes position.

EXTEND -

EXPLAIN -

EVALUATE -
TW informally observe student responses and journal entries.

RUBRIC -

5 points:
Student can tell 3 things necessary to make a shadow.
Student will tell that a shadow changes depending on the position of the light source.
Student will write Shadow in their journal as copied from the board.
Student will draw an object and its shadow.
Student will orally explain that proximity to the light source makes a shadow change.
Student will orally explain that an object's shadow can change if the object is turned.

4 points:
Student can tell 3 things necessary to make a shadow.
Student will tell that a shadow changes depending on the position of the light source.
Student will write Shadow in their journal as copied from the board, with guidance from teacher.
Student will draw an object and its shadow.
Student will orally explain that an object's shadow can change if the object is turned.

3 points:
Student can tell 3 things necessary to make a shadow.
Student will tell that a shadow changes depending on the position of the light source.
Student will write Shadow in their journal as copied from the board, with guidance from teacher.
Student will draw an object and its shadow.

2 points:
Student can tell 3 things necessary to make a shadow.
Student will write Shadow in their journal as copied from the board, with assistance from teacher.
Student will draw an object and its shadow.

1 point:
Student can tell 2 things necessary to make a shadow.
Student will draw and object and its shadow.

0 points: